Author: Donella H. Meadows
Date: 2009
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 978-1-84407-726-7

Content: Part 1 - Systems Structures and Behaviours. Part 2 - Systems and Us. Part 3 - Creating Change and Systems and our Philosophy

Places to Intervene in a System (in increasing order of effectiveness)

12. Numbers: Constants and parameters such as subsidies, taxes, and standards11. Buffers: The sizes of stabilizing stocks relative to their flows
10. Stock-and-Flow Structures: Physical systems and their nodes ofintersection
9. Delays: The lengths of time relative to the rates of system changes
8. Balancing Feedback Loops: The strength of the feedbacks relative tothe impacts they are trying to correct
7. Reinforcing Feedback Loops: The strength of the gain of drivingloops
6. Information Flows: The structure of who does and does not haveaccess to information
5. Rules: Incentives, punishments, constraints
4.Self-Organization: The power to add, change, or evolve systemstructure
3. Goals: The purpose of the system
2. Paradigms: The mind-set out of which the system—its goals, struc-ture, rules, delays, parameters—arises
1. Transcending Paradigms - being open minded (my addition), compare to Kuhn
Guidelines for Living in a World of Systems
1. Get the beat of the system.
2. Expose your mental models to the light of day.
3. Honor, respect, and distribute information.
4. Use language with care and enrich it with systems concepts.
5. Pay attention to what is important, not just what is quantifiable.
6. Make feedback policies for feedback systems.
7. Go for the good of the whole.
8. Listen to the wisdom of the system.
9. Locate responsibility within the system.
10. Stay humble—stay a learner.
11. Celebrate complexity.

Relevance: I have been influenced by the guidelines on: avoiding traps, the list of ways to change a system, especially the idea that the most effective ways are by a paradigm shift in the way we conceptualise the system and the need to remain open minded and self critical.